Application 1: Recognizing and Avoiding Plagiarism
In order to help you avoid plagiarizing, it will help you to begin to recognize it.
To prepare for this assignment:
· Think about what you have learned about plagiarizing.
Read the original passage below, which was excerpted from Crossen, C. (1994). Tainted: The manipulation of fact in America. New York: Touchstone, pp. 166-167. “Doctors, whose first allegiance is supposed to be to their patients, have traditionally stood between drug company researchers and trusting consumers. Yet unless there is evidence of misconduct (the deliberate misrepresentation of something as fact by someone who knows it is not), it is very difficult to discover and virtually impossible to prove that a piece of biomedical research has been tainted by conflict of interest. No study is perfect, and problems arise in the labs of even the most conscientious and honest researchers. Although biomedical research incorporates rigorous scientific rules and is often critically scrutinized by peers, the information can nevertheless be warped-by ending a study because the results are disappointing; changing rules mid-study; not trying to publish negative results; publicizing preliminary results even with final and less positive results in hand; skimming over or even not acknowledging drawbacks; and, especially, casting the results in the best light or, as scientists say, buffing them.”
Next, read the following passage, which was written by a student who wants to use this source in a paper and is trying not to plagiarize. Analyze the student’s work for plagiarism: Consumers must trust that the research that has gone into the manufacture of new drugs is safe. But it is hard to know if a conflict of interest between doctors, researchers, and the drug company stockholders has tainted the results. Biomedical researchers incorporate strict rules of science into their work, which is examined by peers. Yet the resulting information can be warped for five reasons: ending a study too soon, not publishing negative results, publishing results too early, skimming over or ignoring drawbacks, and “buffing” the results by showing them in the best light (Crossen, 1994, p. 167).
· Decide the extent to which the student has plagiarized the original source. (Hint: He has.) Choose two sentences from the passage that you think are clearly plagiarized, and either rephrase them in your own words or use quotation marks and a standard APA in-text citation to show that you’re quoting the original sentences word for word.
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