Intermediate accounting ” 9 Questions” Academic Essay

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Balance sheet computations.

(Balance Sheet) Presented below is the trial balance of Hightower Corporation at December 31, 2017.

   Debit       Credit   
Cash 295,000
Sales Revenue $12,150
Debt Investments (trading) (at cost, $218,000) 230,000
Cost of Goods Sold 7,200
Debt Investments (long-term) 448,000
Equity Investments (long-term) 416,000
Notes Payable (short-term) 135,000
Accounts Payable 682,000
Selling Expenses 3,000,000
Investment Revenue 95,000
Land 390,000
Buildings 1,560,000
Dividends Payable 204,000
Accrued Liabilities 144,000
Accounts Receivable 652,000
Accumulated Depreciation–Buildings 228,000
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 38,000
Administrative Expenses 1,350,000
Interest Expense 317,000
Inventory 895,000
Gain 120,000
Notes Payable (long-term) 1,350,000
Equipment 900,000
Bonds Payable 1,500,000
Accumulated Depreciation–Equipment 90,000
Franchises 240,000
Common Stock ($5 par) 1,500,000
Treasury Stock 287,000
Patents 293,000
Retained Earnings 117,000
Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par                   120,000
Totals   $18,473,000   $18,473,000


Compute each of the following:

  1. Total current assets
  2. Total property, plant, and equipment
  3. Total assets
  4. Total liabilities
  5. Total stockholders’ equity

2—Statement of cash flows.

A comparative balance sheet for Talkington Corporation is presented below.

  December 31
Assets     2017           2016    
Accounts receivable $  68,100 $  21,600
Inventory 82,800 33,000
Land 170,200 83,800
Equipment 71,400 74,000
Accumulated depreciation–equipment 280,500 212,400
Total (74,000) (42,000)
$597,000 $545,000
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Accounts payable $ 34,000 $ 47,000
Bonds payable 150,000 200,000
Common stock ($1 par) 164,000 164,000
Retained earnings 249,000 134,000
Total $597,000 $545,000

Additional information:

  1. Net income for 2017 was $155,000; there were no gains or losses.
  2. Cash dividends of $400,000 were declared and paid.
  3. Bonds payable of $50,000 were retired.


Compute each of the following:

  1. Net cash provided by operating activities
  2. Net cash provided (used) by investing activities
  3. Net cash provided (used) by financing activities


3—Statement of cash flows ratios.

Financial statements for Hilton Company are presented below:

Hilton Company

Balance Sheet

December 31, 2017

Assets                                                            Liabilities & Stockholders’ Equity

Cash                                                    $ 40,000            Accounts payable               $ 20,000

Accounts receivable                             35,000            Bonds payable                       50,000

Buildings and equipment                   150,000          Common stock                       65,000

Accumulated depreciation—                                       Retained earnings                 60,000

buildings and equipment               (50,000)                                                        $195,000

Patents                                                    20,000


Hilton Company

Statement of Cash Flows

For the Year Ended December 31, 2017

Cash flows from operating activities

Net income                                                                                                            $50,000

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash

provided by operating activities:

Increase in accounts receivable                                $(16,000)

Increase in accounts payable                                          8,000

Depreciation—buildings and equipment                    15,000

Gain on sale of equipment                                              (6,000)

Amortization of patents                                                     2,000                 3,000

Net cash provided by operating activities                                                                   53,000

Cash flows from investing activities

Sale of equipment                                                                       12,000

Purchase of land                                                                         (25,000)

Purchase of buildings and equipment                                   (48,000)

Net cash used by investing activities                                                                          (61,000)

Cash flows from financing activities

Payment of cash dividend                                                         (15,000)

Sale of bonds                                                                               30,000

Net cash provided by financing activities                                                                    15,000

Net increase in cash                                                                                                          7,000

Cash, January 1, 2017                                                                                                   33,000

Cash, December 31, 2017                                                                                          $40,000

At the beginning of 2017, Accounts Payable amounted to $12,000 and Bonds Payable was $20,000.


Calculate the following for Hilton Company:

  1. Current cash debt coverage
  2. Cash debt coverage
  3. Free cash flow
  4. Explain the purpose of free cash flow analysis.

4—Sales with returns and discounts.

On July 2, 2018, Lake Company sold to Sue Black merchandise having a sales price of $9,000 (cost $5,400) with terms of 2/10. n/30. f.o.b. shipping point. Lake estimates that merchandise with a sales value of $900 will be returned. An invoice totaling $120, terms n/30, was received by Black on July 6 from Pacific Delivery Service for the freight cost. Upon receipt of the goods, on July 3, Black notified Lake that $350 of merchandise contained flaws. The same day, Lake issued a credit memo covering the defective merchandise and asked that it be returned at Lake’s expense. Lake estimates the returned items to have a fair value of $140. The freight on the returned merchandise was $20 paid by Lake on July 7. On July 12, the company received a check for the balance due from Black.


(a)Prepare journal entries for Lake Company to record all the events noted above assuming sales and receivables are entered at gross selling price.

(b)  Prepare the journal entry assuming that Sue Black did not remit payment until August 5.

5—Warranty arrangement.

On December 31, 2017, Dieker Company sells equipment to Tabor Inc. for $125,000. Dieker includes a 1-year assurance warranty service with the sale of all its equipment. The customer receives and pays for the equipment on December 31, 2017. Dieker estimates the prices to be $122,000 for the equipment and $3,000 for the cost of the warranty.


(a)   Prepare the journal entry to record this transaction on December 31, 2017.

(b)   Repeat the requirements for (a), assuming that in addition to the assurance warranty, Dieker sold an extended warranty (service type warranty) for an additional 2 years (2019–2020) for $2,000. 


6—Percentage-of-completion and completed-contract methods.

On February 1, 2017, Marsh Contractors agreed to construct a building at a contract price of $17,400,000. Marsh estimated total construction costs would be $12,000,000 and the project would be finished in 2019. Information relating to the costs and billings for this contract is as follows:

     2017                     2018                    2019   

Total costs incurred to date                     $4,500,000         $7,920,000       $13,800,000

Estimated costs to complete                     7,500,000            5,280,000                     -0-

Customer billings to date                           6,600,000         12,000,000         16,800,000

Collections to date                                      6,000,000         10,500,000         16,500,000


Fill in the correct amounts on the following schedule. For percentage-of-completion accounting and for completed-contract accounting, show the gross profit that should be recorded for 2017, 2018, and 2019.

Percentage-of-Completion                          Completed-Contract

Gross Profit                                                Gross Profit

2017             _________                            2017            _________

2018             _________                            2018            _________

2019             _________                            2019            _________


Pasta Inn charges an initial fee of $2,400,000 for a franchise, with $480,000 paid when the agreement is signed and the balance in four annual payments. The present value of the annual payments, discounted at 10%, is $1,521,000. The franchisee has the right to purchase $90,000 of kitchen equipment and supplies for $75,000. An additional part of the initial fee is for advertising to be provided by Pasta Inn during the next five years. The value of the advertising is $1,000 a month. Collectibility of the payments is reasonably assured and Pasta Inn has performed all the initial services required by the contract.


Prepare the entry to record the initial franchise fee. Show supporting computations in good form.


8—Future value of annuity.  (Tables needed.)

Linda Ogleby wants to accumulate $40,000 to use for an around the world trip. She plans to accumulate the desired amount by depositing $5,500 annual-year-end payments into an account at the National Bank which pays 4% interest, compounded annually.

  1. Compute the account balance at the end of the sixth year.
  2. Compute the amount of each payment that Linda must make at the end of each of the six years to accumulate the $40,000.

9-—Entries for bad debt expense.

A trial balance before adjustment included the following:

   Debit           Credit 

Accounts receivable                                          $140,000

Allowance for doubtful accounts                                                       730

Sales                                                                                            $610,000

Sales returns and allowances                                8,000

Give journal entries assuming that the estimate of uncollectible accounts is determined by taking (1) 5% of gross accounts receivable and (2) 3% of gross accounts receivable and assume a $730 debit allowance account balance.

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